P. A. Sangma
Award Name : Padma Vibhushan
Year of Award : 2017
Award for : Public Affairs
Location : Shillong, Meghalaya, India
P. A. Sangma is an Indian politician born on 1st September 1947. He formerly served as the Chief Minister of Meghalaya and also as the Speaker of Lok Sabha. He served as the member of Lok Sabha for eight terms. His full name is Purno Agitok Sangma. He was awarded Padma Vibhushan posthumously in 2017 by the Government of India. He becomes the 1st recipient of Padma Vibhushan from Meghalaya. His parents are Dipchon Ch. Marak and Chimri A. Sangma. He did his B.A. honors degree at St. Anthony’s College at Shillong and then continued his education at Dibrugarh University in Assam and completed his Master’s degree in International Relations there. He also worked his ways to obtain a degree in Law. He married Soradini K. Sangma and has two children, Agatha Sangma and Conrad Sangma. His daughter was elected for 15th Lok Sabha and is the youngest Minister of State and his son Conrad Sangma is serving as the Leader of Opposition in Meghalaya Legislative Assembly.
In 1973, he became Vice-President of the Pradesh Youth Congress in Meghalaya and became the General Secretary the next year. He served as the General Secretary of the Pradesh Congress Committee of Meghalaya from 1975 to 1980. In 1973, he became Vice-President of the Pradesh Youth Congress in Meghalaya and became the General Secretary the next year. He served as the General Secretary of the Pradesh Congress Committee of Meghalaya from 1975 to 1980. In 1977, he was elected to the 6th Lok Sabha from Tura in Meghalaya and remained a member of the Lok Sabha until the 14th Lok Sabha, except for the 9th Lok Sabha. From 1980 to 1988, he served the Union Government of India in various capacities. He was the Chief Minister of Meghalaya from 1988 to 1990. In 1991, when he was elected to the Lok Sabha again, he again served the Union government until 1996, when he became Speaker of Lok Sabha. He was expelled from the Congress on 20 May 1999, along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar, for raising the banner of revolt against Sonia Gandhi over her foreign origin issue. He was one of the founders of the Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) along with Sharad Pawar and Tariq Anwar in 1999, after their expulsion. In January 2004, P.A. Sangma created a split in the NCP. This happened after Sharad Pawar became close to the NCP's former rival, Sonia Gandhi. After losing a battle for the NCP election symbol, Sangma later merged his faction with Mamata Banerjee's Trinamool Congress, forming the Nationalist Trinamool Congress. He resigned from his Lok Sabha seat on 10 October 2005 as a member of AITMC/TMC, and was reelected as an NCP candidate in February 2006.On 5 January 2013, Sangma launched the National People's Party on the national level. The National People's Party managed to win two seats in the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly in the 2013 Meghalaya Legislative Assembly election. On March 4, 2016, he died suddenly after a heart attack.