Award Name : National Medal of Science
Year of Award : 1994
Award for : Physics
Location : Brooklyn, New York, United States
Frank Press is an American geophysicist. An advisor to four
U.S. Presidents, he later served two consecutive terms as President of the U.S.
National Academy of Sciences (1981-1993). He is the author of 160 scientific
papers and co-author of the textbooks Earth and Understanding Earth. He was
born on December 4, 1924 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York, United States. Press
graduated with a B.S. degree from the City College of New York (1944) and
completed his M.A. (1946) and Ph.D. (1949) degrees at Columbia University. Press'
accomplishments in this period include the design of a long-period seismograph,
and the first detection of the Earth's normal modes of oscillation ("bell
ringing"), excited by the Great Chilean earthquake, a pioneering application
of digital processing to seismic recordings. Press was also closely involved in
the construction of a lunar seismograph, first deployed by the Apollo 11
astronauts. In 1994, he received the National Medal Of Science. Press served on
Presidential scientific advisory committees during the Kennedy and Johnson
Administrations and was appointed by President Nixon to the National Science
Board. In 1977 he was appointed President Jimmy Carter's science advisor and
Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy, serving until 1981.