Cancer makes a rapid creation of abnormal cells that grow beyond their boundaries and the affect the adjoining parts by spreading to them.
Cancer is arising as the greatest threat to human community .Cancer is the leading cause for the death of 8.2 million deaths worldwide and at the same time it is estimated that it will increase up to 13.1 million and 80% of cancer death is occurring in middle and developing countries.
The major types of cancer that causes death are
Lung (1.37 million deaths)
Stomach (736 000 deaths)
Liver (695 000 deaths)
Colorectal (608 000 deaths)
Breast (458 000 deaths)
Cervical cancer (275 000 deaths)
Causes of Cancer:-
Cancer arises from a single cell . A single from pre-cancerous lesion to malignant tumors undergoes multi stage changes into a tumor. The changes occurs as a result of personal genetic factors and by some external factors such as
physical carcinogens like ultraviolet and ionizing radiation.
chemical carcinogens like asbestos, tobacco smoking components and by aflatoxin (food contaminant) arsenic (water contaminant).
The main cancer cause risk factors are
tobacco is the single most cause for cancer since it is responsible for 71% global lung cancer death .
How to avoid cancer?
The chance of effective treatment is high when cancer is detected at a early stage and it is necessary to have the awareness about the early symptoms of cancer.
Cancer treatment need a careful selection of treatments such as surgery , radiotherapy, chemotherapy . The goal is to cure or prolong life with better quality. Cancer treatment is always better when accompanied with psychological support.
Some of the common cancers such as oral, cervical, breast and colorectal cancer has the high rate of curability when detected early .And the chances of survival is less when cancer found in later stages.
Palliative Care or Cancer Care:-
It is a treatment to relieve cancer symptoms rather than to cure it. Palliative care gives the cancer affected patients confidence and helps to increase the quality. There is an humanitarian need for the cancer affected patients who fight against cancer psychologically.
World Cancer Day 2016:-
World Cancer Day 2016 is taking place on Feb-4 with the tag line " We Can. I can". As a human being it's our duty to stand along with the real fighters of life. We must act as "You are Not Alone and We are always here with you".