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Allen Newell National Medal of Science Awarded In 1992

Allen Newell

Allen Newell

Award Name : National Medal of Science

Year of Award : 1992

Award for : Science and Engineering

Location : San Francisco, California, United States


Allen Newell  was a researcher in computer science and cognitive psychology at the RAND Corporation and at Carnegie Mellon University’s School of Computer Science, Tepper School of Business, and Department of Psychology.  Allen Newell was born in San Francisco on March 19, 1927. Newell received a bachelor’s degree in physics in 1949 from Stanford University in California. In 1950, after spending a year studying mathematics at Princeton University, Newell joined the RAND Corporation in Santa Monica, Calif. At RAND he applied mathematical techniques from operations research and game theory to the study of administrative organizations and worked with the U.S. Air Force to simulate an early-warning radar monitoring station with its crew. In 1952 Newell’s work at RAND led to the creation of the Systems Research Laboratory and the beginning of his long-term association with Simon, a RAND consultant in the area of organizational analysis. Simon and Newell soon discussed how computers could be used to examine human problem-solving techniques, and by 1955 Newell’s enthusiasm for the subject had convinced RAND to support him while he studied under Simon at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh. In 1957 Newell earned the institute’s first AI-based doctoral degree. Newell was the founding president (1979–80) of the American Association for Artificial Intelligence. He was awarded the U.S. National Medal of Science in 1992.           


National Medal of Science Awardeds