inventions inventions inventions inventions inventions

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson - Famous Inventor

: Charles Thomson Rees Wilson
: 14-February-1869
: 15-November-1959
: United Kingdom
: University of Cambridge
: Inventor

About Inventor

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson was a Scottish physicist and meteorologist who received the Nobel Prize in physics for his invention of the cloud chamber.

Wilson was born in the parish of Glencorse, Midlothian to a farmer, John Wilson, and his mother Annie Clerk Harper. After his father died in 1873, his family moved to Manchester. He was educated at Owen's College, studying biology with the intent to become a physician. He then went to Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge where he became interested in physics and chemistry.

Wilson thereafter became particularly interested in meteorology, and in 1893 he began to study clouds and their properties. He worked for some time at the observatory on Ben Nevis, where he made observations of cloud formation. He then tried to reproduce this effect on a smaller scale in the laboratory in Cambridge, expanding humid air within a sealed container. He later experimented with the creation of cloud trails in his chamber caused by ions and radiation. For the invention of the cloud chamber he received the Nobel Prize in 1927.

Wilson married Jessie Fraser in 1908, the daughter of a minister from Glasgow, and the couple had four children. He died near Edinburgh, surrounded by his family.

Awards Received by Inventor

Royal Medal (1922)

Howard N. Potts Medal (1925)

Nobel Prize in Physics (1927)

Franklin Medal (1929)

Duddell Medal and Prize (1931)


Charles Thomson Rees Wilson's Other Images

Charles Thomson Rees Wilson-Charles Thomson Rees Wilson


View Photos
Charles Thomson Rees Wilson-Charles Thomson Rees Wilson


View Photos