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Svyatoslav Fyodorov - Famous Inventor

: Svyatoslav Fyodorov
: 8-August-1927
: 2-June-2000
: Ukraine
: Rostov State Medical University
: Ophthalmologist, Politician, Professor

About Inventor

Svyatoslav Nikolayevich Fyodorov who lived between (1927 – 2000) was a Russian ophthalmologist, politician, professor, full member of the Russian Academy of Sciences and Russian Academy of Medical Sciences. He is considered to be the father of the refractive surgery.

He is a pioneering eye surgeon who was one of the Soviet Union's first practicing capitalists and a politician who ran for president of Russia in 1996, died on Friday in a helicopter crash outside of Moscow. He was 72.Dr. Fyodorov was returning from a ceremony marking the 10th anniversary of one of his eye microsurgery clinics in Tambov, 250 miles southeast of Moscow. Television footage filmed there showed him climbing into one of the helicopter's pilot seats.

Studies and Career

He graduated from medical institute in the southern Russian city of Rostov-on-Don and worked in hospitals around Russia and then he worked as a practicing ophthalmologist in a small town in Rostov Oblast. In 1960 he performed the first intraocular lens replacement operation, inventing the cure to the cataract. In 1973 he developed a new surgical technique to cure the early stage of the glaucoma, called Scleroplasty. Il 1974 he developed the surgical technique he is most famous for, the radial keratotomy, to change the shape of the cornea and cure the myopia.In 1986, Fyodorov designed the first posterior chamber phakic IOL in the "collar-button" or "mushroom" configuration and manufactured the pIOL from silicone. In 1980 he became the head of the Moscow Research Institute of Eye Microsurgery. In 1988 he founded the Fyodorov Eye Microsurgery Complex. Fyodorov was a member of the Congress of People's Deputies in 1989-1991. He was elected to the lower house of the Russian parliament, the State Duma, in 1993. He ran for president in 1996.

Awards Received by Inventor

Lomonosov Gold Medal (1986)


Svyatoslav Fyodorov's Other Images

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