The world is experiencing strategic transition from the short-lived Post-Cold War unipolar system to a new and complex configuration of international relations. In the fast-changing global scenario, the importance of South Asia has come to be felt more than ever before, and across the world. South Asia, which consists of 8 states and more than one-fifth of humanity, has emerged as a vital region to the emerging global order due to its geo-strategic significance, growing economic dynamism, fragile state structures and crisis in governance. This book contains 16 research articles which provide deep insights into the complex and multi-faceted nature of South Asia in the globalised world. These have been authored by scholars representing the disciplines of international relations, comparative politics, economics, security studies, and political economy. To understand the new realities of South Asia, the book would prove useful for researchers, policy makers, strategic analysts and others interested in world politics and international relations.